By Patricia Samford Defining Attributes ftn1 over the years, as well as to the Chinese port of that name which is known today as Guangzhou Madsen For the purposes of this identification and dating essay, the term is used only to refer to late 18th- to early 20th- century blue and white Chinese porcelains, created for the North American export market. Canton porcelains are typically characterized by several variants of a border pattern consisting of a band of blue containing a crisscrossed lattice in a heavier blue, with an inner border of scallops or swags Figure 1a. A second border pattern Figure 1b , consisting of two parallel bands of diagonal lines that meet at an angle Herbert and Schiffer Also characteristic of Canton porcelain is a fairly generic landscape design that features a building or pavilion, a bridge, willow trees, a river or stream, boats and distant mountains. Canton border variant using two parallel rows of diagonal lines. Chronology Prior to the American Revolution, Chinese porcelains arrived in the American colonies after having been shipped through England or Holland. But after the Treaty of Paris ended the Revolutionary War, North America began trading directly with China, importing large quantities of blue and white Canton Palmer As it became more affordable in the nineteenth century, Canton porcelain became more common on the tables of families of a widening range of economic levels. Trade with China peaked early in the 19th century, declining after and continuing until after the Civil War Palmer

Nippon Backstamps and Known Dates of Manufacture

Leuchtenbhurg China Very pretty antique child’s cup with cute graphics of a boy and girl with two animals, a sheep and goose. Marked on underside “Leuchtenburg Germany” with a graphic of a castle turret. From the style and type, we believe this to be an antique piece minimally a vintage child’s cup , likely dating to the early ‘s. This was found out of a home.

The multi-color graphics encircle about half the cup with the remainder left blank.

Cauldon China Tea Set – Willow Pattern dating approximately Excellent condition apart from one hairline crack in the bowl and on one plate. The guilding is .

I can’t really add much to the history as written by Robert Copeland. So, for those who want to find factual, in-depth information there is a specialist book on the subject. Spode produced a number of patterns, as well as Willow, in the style of 18th century Chinese porcelain in the late s and early s, as did other manufacturers. In his book Robert Copeland attributes the design of the Willow pattern to Spode, around , and discusses the background to this and other Spode designs taken from Chinese porcelain.

Interestingly the two patterns in blue printed ware which were the most successful for Spode are both composite designs. The border is a direct copy of an Imari design on Chinese export porcelain of about They appealed to customers who had a more traditional, even old-fashioned taste, and were catered for alongside new customers demanding ‘modern’ designs of topographical, pastoral or botanical subjects which were coming into vogue in the early s.

Spode pieces of this period, and those of comparable manufacturers, were skilfully potted with a beautiful silky glaze and have fine engravings on elegant shapes. Supper sets, leg baths, rouge pots, asparagus servers and teawares, all indicate customers of taste and wealth. The ordinary person would not be using this type of ware in the late s and early s.

Willow was made off and on from the late s through to the early s; Italian was in continuous production from about and is still made under the Spode brand name by Portmeirion Group today Both have been made in different colours and on different bodies although probably most variations have occurred to Willow.

Blue Willow China

Red horse head, below and to the left of the yellow horse heads. These horse heads and signs are in a small alcove, above a flat floor. Just a few lines have been used to outline more clearly the shape of a small mammoth, about 20 cm wide, taken up by the flowstone or stalagmite cascade at the entrance to the Brunel Chamber.

James Sadler and Sons Ltd is the world famous pottery manufacturer originally founded in in Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire in England. Sadler started with their famous red clay fine earthenware teapots with a dark brown glaze.

The company, headquartered in New Castle, Pennsylvania, absorbed many of its competitors. Shenango dinnerware is easily identified using the backstamp corporate identification placed on the back or underneath part of the ceramic dish featuring Native Americans involved in various forms of pottery production. Slow Beginnings Shenango opened in but struggled for financial stability for at least a decade.

The company purchased nearby New Castle Pottery and then relocated to its plant and headquarters. Famous Commissions Shenango produced dishes for presidents and serving dishes for the White House, including a commemorative plate for Dwight D. Eisenhower and dinnerware for Lyndon B. Production Codes The numbers listed near the backstamp on Shenango China products are date codes indicating the month and year of production.

The link below provides a chart to assist in reading the codes. All Shenango production stopped in , as the company couldn’t rise above increased labor costs and the popularity of inexpensive imported china.

Chinese pottery

Cicada camouflaged on an olive tree. Cicadas evade predators with strategies such as camouflage. Cicadas use a variety of strategies to evade predators.

On Earthenware in the Belleek stamp changed to “Melvin Ware” probably to distinguish it from the more prestigious Parian China.

Steven Clarke The Worcester Porcelain Factory was founded in by Dr John Wall, Royal Worcester marks incorporating a crown above a circle were first introduced in and combined the number 51 within the circle signifying the year Dr Wall founded the original company. Date codes or marks were nearly always used alongside the standard mark up until when a different format of back-stamp was introduced. The more modern items, from the late 60’s onwards, mostly used black or gold back-stamps.

Royal Worcester date codes for to Two early Royal Worcester marks one in puce with date code a for and one in green with date letter V for In Royal Worcester introduced the words ‘Royal Worcester England’ beneath the standard Worcester mark with the addition of a dot to the left of the crown in , followed by a further dot to the right of the crown in , and this continued until with a total of twelve dots, six either side of the crown.

In further dots one for each additional year were added beneath the words ‘Royal Worcester England’, until with a total of 24 dots, six dots either side of the crown and twelve beneath the words ‘Royal Worcester England’. Royal Worcester date codes for to Royal Worcester date marks circa , one with two dots for , one with 12 dotes for and one with 14 dots for The method of using an additional dot for each year was becoming rather cumbersome, so in a small star was used below the standard mark with the addition of a dot for each preceding year.

This method was used until when there were eleven dots arranged around the single small star.


Buy an In-depth Expert Report Whether visiting Shanghai on business or Beijing for tourism or even hosting Chinese colleagues or clients in your own country, this guide will help you understand your counterparts, improve communication and get the relationship off to the right start. How do we know all this information? Well, we are experts in cultural awareness training courses on Chinese culture!

China is located in Eastern Asia bordering Afghanistan 76 km, Bhutan km, Burma 2, km, India 3, km, Kazakhstan 1, km, North Korea 1, km, Kyrgyzstan km, Laos km, Mongolia 4, km, Nepal 1, km, Pakistan km, Russia northeast 3, km, Russia northwest 40 km, Tajikistan km and Vietnam 1, km. The Chinese flag features a large yellow star in the top left- hand corner with four smaller stars adjacent in a semi-circle.

A history of the Blue Willow pattern begins the book with descriptions of the many border and center patterns of this china. Dating Blue Willow and collecting Blue /5(13).

Length neck to base of tail — 10 inches — 14 inches — 20 inches Width without side tabs — 9 inches — 12 inches — 18 inches The instructions are given for the smallest size. The medium and large sizes are in parentheses. Right Side Increase 1stitch in the first stitch, knit in front and back of the stitch and P1 K one to the last stitch. Increase 1 stitch in the last stitch. Repeat rows 1 and 2 until there are 43 57, 80 stitches on the needle.

K1, P1, evenly until work measures the required length from neck to base of tail. K1, P1 14 18, 25 stitches and place these on the stitch holder. Bind off the next 15 21, 30 stitches for neck opening.


Hedge laying If hedges are not maintained and trimmed regularly, gaps tend to form at the base over many years. In essence, hedgelaying consists of cutting most of the way through the stem of each plant near the base, bending it over and interweaving or pleaching it between wooden stakes. This also encourages new growth from the base of each plant. Originally, the main purpose of hedgelaying was to ensure the hedge remained stock-proof.

Early Wedgwood works may be unmarked, but the presence of the correct mark is an indication that the piece is genuine and should allow you to determine its true age.

Once upon a time, a young Chinese girl was betrothed by her mandarin father to a rich but elderly merchant. The girl, though, had lost her heart to the young man who worked as her father’s secretary so, on the day appointed for her wedding, the young lovers eloped. They fled across a bridge, pursued by the girl’s father, and escaped in a boat to the young man’s island home. They were soon caught, and threatened with death for their crimes, but the gods took pity on them; the lovers were transformed into turtle-doves, and flew away together.

This story – the details vary in the telling – is often presented as an ancient Chinese legend, but was invented around by the Regency equivalent of an adverting copywriter to explain the basic elements of an extremely successful design for decorating pottery, the Willow Pattern. Traditional Willow Pattern has a pagoda or tea house centre right, a bridge with two or three running figures on it on the left, a boat above the bridge, and, beyond that, the youth’s ‘island home’.

Two doves fly above and in the foreground are two trees, one known as either a cherry, apple or orange, and a willow. A densely-patterned blue border surrounds the scene. Caughley works are credited with first using it in transfer-print form in

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The original Willow pattern was created in when British potter Thomas Turner and engraver Thomas Minton combined a number of popular Chinese pottery patterns. By the early 19th Century, more than potteries were producing variations of the design. The pattern has been adapted on various types of dinnerware, ranging from heavy-duty restaurant dishes to delicate porcelain, tin, plastic and even paper dinnerware.

Blue Willow china has graced the tables of British aristocrats, the frontier homes of American pioneers and the gleaming counters of Art Deco diners.

Willow & Americana by Homer Laughlin The following originally appeared on pages of An Overview of Homer Laughlin Dinnerware ©, and is being posted on with permission along with corrections and updates.

See Article History Alternative Titles: It is bordered by the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region to the north, Shanxi province to the east, Henan and Hubei provinces to the southeast, Chongqing municipality and Sichuan province to the south, Gansu province to the west, and the Hui Autonomous Region of Ningxia to the northwest. Area 75, square miles , square km. Karst scenery near Xi’an, Shaanxi province, China. The Han flows between two mountain complexes that structurally form part of a great, single fold zone.

These complexes are the Daba Mountains , forming the boundary with Sichuan province and Chongqing municipality to the south, and the Qin Tsinling Mountains —the major environmental divide between northern and central China—to the north. The Daba Mountains range from 5, to 6, feet 1, to 2, metres in height, with individual peaks reaching elevations of up to some 8, feet 2, metres.

The only major break in this mountain chain occurs in the far southwest of the province where the Jialing River , which rises to the north in the Qin Mountains , cuts through the Daba chain to flow into Sichuan on its way to join the Yangtze at Chongqing. This valley forms the major communication route from the Wei River valley in central Shaanxi to Sichuan and the southwest.

The Han River valley itself broadens out near the city of Hanzhong into a fertile and densely cultivated basin about 60 miles 95 km long and 10 miles 16 km broad. Farther downstream the valley again narrows, after which the river flows between mountains and through deep gorges, only emerging into the plain once more in Hubei province. The Qin Mountains to the north of the Han valley form an even more impressive barrier than the Daba range.

Flow Blue: History and Value of Blue-and-White Antique China

John Hogan Flow Blue Pottery has been in existence since onward. The renowned Davenport Factory of Longport, England was one of the very first to have produced it on a pearlware medium. We already know as collectors and dealers that Flow Blue Pottery has been in existence since onward. There are not many pearlware examples known.

Item Details. A twenty-two piece selection of vintage and antique blue and white tableware. Featured in this group is a vegetable bowl from Ridgways in the Willow pattern. It is marked to the underside, dating it .

Represented in Artwork as Male or Female. Kannon worship remains non-denominational and widespread. Kannon personifies compassion and is one of the most widely worshipped divinities in Asia and Japan in both ancient and modern times. Veneration of Kannon in Japan began in the late 6th century, soon after Buddhism reached Japan by way of Korea and China.

Originally male in form, Kannon is now often portrayed as female in China, Japan, and other East Asian countries. Each of these nations dressed Kannon in different forms to suit their own temperaments and spiritual concepts. It was later shortened to Kannon. Kannon is a Bodhisattva Jp.


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